LA BATAILLE DE KADESH PDF


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Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. Second Edition RevisedChicago: Egyptian Warfare with panel of three experts.

Ramesses’ action was successful in driving the looters back towards the Orontes river and away from the Egyptian camp, [32] while in the ensuing pursuit, the heavier Hittite chariots were easily overtaken and dispatched by the lighter, faster, Egyptian chariots. His victory proved to be ephemeral, however.

In the fourth year of his reign, he marched north into Syria, either to recapture Amurru [19] or, as a probing effort, to confirm his vassals’ loyalty and explore the terrain of possible battles. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Battle of Kadesh. By using this site, you agree to hataille Terms kasesh Use and Privacy Policy.

Archived from the original on Led by its king, Talmi-Sarruma, grandson of Suppiluliuma I. Instead, there are various references made to it in the context of other events.

Bryce suggests that, although it may have fallen once again under Hittite control, it is more likely Amurru remained a Hittite vassal state. Outside of the inscriptions, there are textual occurrences preserved in Papyrus Raifet and Papyrus Sallier III[45] and a rendering of these same events in a letter from Ramesses to Hattusili III written in response to a scoffing complaint by Hattusili about the pharaoh’s victorious depiction of the battle.

An enlarged replica of the Kadesh agreement hangs on a wall at the headquarters of the United Nationsas the earliest international peace treaty known to kadseh.

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Ramses 3: La Bataille De Kadesh : Christian Jacq :

In addition to these allies, the Hittite king also hired the services of some of the local Shasu tribes. Clash of the Warrior kings. I found the mass of chariots in whose midst I was, scattering them before my horses[.

The new lighter, faster, two-man Egyptian chariots were able to pursue and take down the slower three-man Hittite chariots from behind as they overtook them. They have their weapons of war at the ready. If the Chief karesh the Royal Bodyguard is meant here, then that position was held by his brother Hattusili, who quite clearly did not die. Now after days had passed after this, then his majesty was in Ramses Meri-Amon, the town which is in the Valley of the Cedar.

Wilson, The Culture of Ancient Egypt p. Modern historians essentially conclude the battle was a draw, a great moral victory for the Egyptians, who had developed new technologies and rearmed before pushing back against the years-long steady incursions by the Hittites.

Atlas of Military History.

A second campaign led to his capture of Kadesh where a stela commemorated his victory and Amurru kingdom. On the Hittite side, king Muwatalli had mustered several of his allies, among them Rimisharrinaa, the king of Aleppo. Egypt of the Pharaohs. The Re division was caught in the open and scattered in all directions. During the late Eighteenth dynastythe Amarna letters fe the story of the decline of Egyptian influence in the region. This list is of considerable interest to Hittitologists, as it reflects the extent of Hittite influence at the time.

Battle of Kadesh

There is no kaddsh about the outcome or what took place, with views ranging from an Egyptian victory to a draw, [35] or, in the view of Iranian Egyptologist Mehdi Yarahmadian Egyptian defeat with the Egyptian accounts simply propaganda. Lukka lands Lycia and Caria, southwest Anatolia.

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An Egyptian version survives on a papyrus.

Like his father Ramesses ISeti I was a military commander who set out to restore Egypt’s empire to the days of the Tuthmosid kings almost a century before. Historical Documents” p. From the “Poem” Now then, his majesty had prepared his infantry, his chariotry, and the Sherden of his majesty’s capturing, Likewise, the Bulletin is itself simply a lengthy caption accompanying the reliefs. After expelling the Hyksos ‘ 15th Dynasty around BC, the native Egyptian New Kingdom rulers became more aggressive in reclaiming control of their state’s borders.

The army moved beyond the fortress of Tjel and dr the coast leading to Gaza.

Champs de Bataille II: La bataille de Kadesh | Board Game | BoardGameGeek

Although there is more evidence in the form of texts and wall reliefs for this battle than for any other battle in the Ancient Near Eastalmost all of it is from an Egyptian perspective. Ramesses atop chariotat the battle of Kadesh. However, the momentum of the Hittite attack was already starting to wane, as the impending obstacles of such a large camp forced many Hittite charioteers to slow their attack; some were killed in chariot crashes.

Relief inside his Abu Simbel temple. Archived from the original on April 16, The Poem has been questioned as actual verse, as opposed to a prose account similar to that recorded by other pharaohs.